What is 1453 History?
The history of 1453 is unforgettable in the history of the world as it is engraved in the memory of many Turks. So, what’s the history of 1453?
Yes, in fact, the most important is the closure of the 1453 history and the opening of the new age. With this event affecting both world history and Turkish history, it was ensured that new discoveries started and reached a different point in the world.
What Happened on May 29, 1453?
The results are very important for both world history and Turkish history. So, what happened on this date? 29 May 1453 is the completion of a prolonged siege. Istanbul, which has been tried to be taken for years, is now in the hands of the Ottoman Empire. The siege began on 6 April and lasted until 29 May. This is the date when the struggle of the Ottoman Army for Constantinople resulted in victory. Istanbul was the capital of the Ottoman Empire that day. II. Under the leadership of Mehmet, the army took Istanbul from Byzantium.
Conquest with non-stop attack
In the attack for the conquest of Istanbul, Byzantine measures were taken very well. The chain was stretched to the Golden Horn and the navy reinforced it. There were also defense vehicles that were effective in both land and sea war with Grejuva. Everything was considered for the siege, and many things such as soldiers, food, and supplements from various countries were arranged to stand strong against the Ottomans. Istanbul walls and defense was planned.
Attack of the Ottoman Army;
The Ottoman state would fight heavy artillery. The 1453 history of the city walls showed that a new revolution was opened. Nobody believed that the walls could be destroyed. However, the Ottoman Empire demolished the walls with large cannons and showed that the walls were never destroyed. The attack took place with single cannonballs weighing 550 kg.
Rumeli Hisar was built. Rumeli Fortress was built against the Anatolian Fortress for the disconnection of the sea. There are different rumors about Istanbul’s military army. 250,000, 160,000, 200,000 soldiers are known to support the siege.
There were some places taken during the war. It progressed contentiously. Then there were negotiations. Byzantium wanted to tax Istanbul. The attack continued with different strategies because they were not surrendered. The fight against the underground war was started. The last step was the ship’s land operation. Thus, the chain stretched to the Golden Horn was neutralized. Places that were slippery with olive oil taken from the Genoese allowed the roads to become a place where ships could pass by cutting down trees. Afterwards, the artillery and the navy destroyed the Byzantine Army.
The last attack with the army divided into 3 groups;
The last stage of the conquest of Istanbul, the last attack II. It started with the separation of the army by Sultan Mehmet. The first group was Christians and the elderly, the second group was Muslim peasants, and the third group was janissaries. Each group was about 50,000 soldiers. This battle, which began before sunrise, resulted in the success of these groups. The conquest of Istanbul is complete.
What has changed since May 29, 1453?
There have been changes in both Turkish and world history. The most important result for world history is that it triggers the start of geographical discoveries. After the trade routes passed into the hands of the Ottoman Empire, Europeans began to search for new ones. The closing of the Middle Ages and the opening of the New Age are also important. The 1,000-year-old Byzantine state came to an end. Conservation of Orthodox and prevention of religious unity of Europe are important results. The start of the Renaissance movement is explained by the conquest of Istanbul.
What happened in Turkish history was the fact that Istanbul was the capital and that it had an important commercial position. The Ottoman Empire entered a period of ascension. The Black Sea was taken from commercial routes connecting the Mediterranean Sea. The danger between Anatolia and Rumelia has also disappeared. After the conquest of Istanbul, the world’s history and the Turkish history were extremely effective and important events occurred. The Ottoman Empire experienced the most prosperous period in this period. Developments lasted until the period of stagnation.